Polyclonal Anti-human

           Amyloid Precursor Protein N-terminal Antiserum

Cat. No: GPA005N       

The amyloid precursor protein (APP) is a large membrane protein whose N-terminus projects into the extracellular space. In Alzheimer's disease (AD), the APP is proteolytically cleaved at the N-terminal of Ab by b-secretase (BACE) to release a ~100 kD APPsb protein into the extracellular space.  The remaining 12 kD fragment remains membrane bound where it can be cleaved at its C-terminus by g-secretase (presenilins) to release the insoluble Ab peptide into the extracellular space with the ~8 kD APP C-terminal fragment (CTFb) remaining membrane bound.  The APP is the subject of intensive investigations to determine how this protein is broken down abnormally in AD brain to give rise to Ab, which is present in senile plaques and vessels.

A goat antiserum to a synthetic peptide that corresponds to amino acids 44-63 of the N-terminus of human APP is currently available. This antiserum has been shown to be immunoreactive with thewpe9.jpg (35907 bytes) unconjugated immunizing peptide by ELISA.  The antiserum will immunolabel dystrophic neurites in senile plaques in both formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded sections and paraformaldehyde fixed frozen sections from Alzheimer brain.  It also shows immunoreactivity with APP containing neurons.  In Western blot analysis it immunolabels the intact APP protein in cell lysates and the cleaved N-terminal APPsb fragment that is secreted into the medium. This antibody should be a valuable tool for scientists working to understand the role of APP in Alzheimer’s disease.wpeC.jpg (15402 bytes)

This antiserum was produced using proprietary methodology whereby the peptide is attached to a carrier that elicits minimal immunoreactivity so that the antiserum has a higher degree of specificity for the peptide.  Since there is no overwhelming production of interfering antibodies to the carrier, this antiserum can routinely be used without further purification.  Pseud-Immune™ control immune serum (Cat no. GPA018E ) from a mock immunized animal is available to be used in conjunction with this antibody as well as the immunizing peptide (Cat no. HSP005N), which can be used to neutralize immunoreactivity.

Manufacturing Reference:

Palmer, MR, et al.  Biochem. Biophys. Res. Comm.  156:432-437, 1988.

Lot No: A296F
Host: Goat
Clone: Polyclonal
Form: Whole Serum - liquid
Concentration: N/A
Supplied as: 1 ml vials or bulk quantities
Titer: Reported working dilution using neat serum:*
bulletELISA using immunizing peptide: > 1:1,500
bulletIHC using paraffin sections: > 1:100
bulletIHC using frozen sections: > 1:5,000
bulletWestern blots: > 1:1,000

*Various assay conditions require that the optimum working concentrations be determined by serial dilutions of this product.

Specificity: N-terminal amino acid sequence 44-63 of human Amyloid  Precursor Protein


        options: None
0.01% Thimerosal
0.1% Sodium Azide
Storage: Short term: Refrigerate at 4˚ C
Long term: Freeze at -20˚ C


N/D = Not determined.

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