Polyclonal Anti-human

 Prion PrP27-30 N-terminal Antiserum

Cat. No: GPA008N       

The prion protein is a large membrane protein that occurs normally in neurons of the human brain and is thought to be involved in synaptic transmission. In prion diseases, such as Creutzfeld-Jakob disease (CJD), Gerstmann-Straussler-Scheinker syndrome (GSS), Fatal Familial Insomnia (FFI), Alpers Syndrome and Kuru, the normal cellular form of this protein (PrPc) is transformed into an altered protein when it comes into contact with an infectious prion protein (PrPsc) from another host. This altered PrPsc accumulates in cytoplasmic vesicles of diseased individuals forming lesions, vacuoles and amyloid deposits.

PrPsc is a proteolytic-resistant form of PrPc, although no major chemical differences between the two have been found. The major differencewpe20.jpg (23840 bytes) between the two is that the infectious form has assumed a different conformational 3-D structure. The PrPc protein is highly conserved across many species, including humans, sheep, mice, hamsters, Drosophila and bovine.

The prion protein has received considerable attention in the last few years because it is the same protein that is responsible for bovine spongiform encephalopathy or "Mad Cow disease" and also scrapie in sheep. Prion disease can either occur spontaneously by means of wpe23.jpg (16955 bytes) coming in contact with the infectious agent, such as the outbreak in England with the infection of several people who consumed contaminated beef, or it can occur as a rare hereditary form. Currently, there is no cure for prion diseases and death usually occurs within one year of the onset of symptoms, which usually include dementia.

A goat antiserum to a synthetic peptide that corresponds to amino acids 79-97 of the N-terminus of the human prion protein PrP27-30 is currently available.  This antiserum has been shown to be immunoreactive with the unconjugated immunizing peptide by ELISA. The antiserum will immunolabel amyloid plaques in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded sections from CJD brain.  Western blot analysis shows that this antibody stains the 29-35 kD glycosylation-depedent prions in brains of humans, cattle, sheep andwpe25.jpg (22375 bytes) hamsters.  This antibody should be a valuable tool for scientists working to understand the role of prions in spongiform diseases.

This antiserum was produced using proprietary methodology whereby the peptide is attached to a carrier that elicits minimal immunoreactivity so that the antiserum has a higher degree of specificity for the peptide.  Since there is no overwhelming production of interfering antibodies to the carrier, this antiserum can routinely be used without further purification.  Pseud-Immune™ control immune serum (Cat no. GPA018E) from a mock immunized animal is available to be used in conjunction with this antibody as well as the immunizing peptide (Cat no. GPA008N), which can be used to neutralize immunoreactivity.

Manufacturing Reference:

Shinagawa, M., et al.  J. Gen. Virol. 67:1745-1750, 1986.

Lot No: K069HB
Host: Goat
Clone: Polyclonal
Form: Whole Serum - liquid
Concentration: N/A
Supplied as: 1 ml vials or bulk quantities
Titer: Reported working dilution using neat serum:*
bulletELISA using immunizing peptide: > 1:35,000
bulletIHC using paraffin sections: > 1:200
bulletIHC using frozen sections: N/D
bulletWestern blots: > 1:2,000

*Various assay conditions require that the optimum working concentrations be determined by serial dilutions of this product.

Specificity: N-terminal amino acid sequence 79-97 of human Prion PrP27-30 Protein


        options: None
0.01% Thimerosal
0.1% Sodium Azide
Storage: Short term: Refrigerate at 4˚ C
Long term: Freeze at -20˚ C


N/D = Not determined.

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