Polyclonal Anti-human

 Presenilin-2 Protein N-terminal Antiserum

Cat. No: GPA007N       

The presenilin-2 (PS-2) gene was discovered on chromosome 1 and is responsible for an early onset form of autosomal dominant Alzheimer's disease (AD). The amino acid sequence is approximately 67% identical with that of the PS-1 protein.  It also is a membrane protein that has regions where mutations have been identified in family members with AD.  The gene sequence of PS-2 does not match any known human gene sequences, except for that of PS-1; but has been found to be a new class of aspartic-proteases.  It has now been identified as one of the (-secretase proteases.

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is characterized by the progressive formation in the brain of insoluble amyloid plaques and vascular deposits consisting of the 4-kD amyloid $-peptide (A$).  A$ generation is initiated by proteolytic cleavage of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) at the N-terminal of A$ by $-secretase (BACE).  The A$ peptide is then released by proteolytic cleavage at its C-terminus by g-secretase (presenilins).  Because both these proteases are prime candidates for therapeutic intervention, an intense search has been underway to identify these two enzymes.

A goat antiserum to a synthetic peptide that corresponds to amino acids 31-47 of the N-terminus of human PS-2 protein is currently available. Thiswpe52.jpg (43037 bytes) antiserum has been shown to be immunoreactive with the unconjugated immunizing peptide by ELISA, but does not show immunoreactivity with the immunizing peptide used for the PS-1 antibody. This antibody has been shown to label neurons in both AD and normal control brains using paraformaldehyde-fixed, frozen-sections.  This antibody should be a valuable tool for scientists working to understand the role of PS-2 in AD.

This antiserum was produced using proprietary methodology whereby the peptide is attached to a carrier that elicits minimal immunoreactivity so that the antiserum has a higher degree of specificity for the peptide.  Since there is no overwhelming production of interfering antibodies to the carrier, this antiserum can routinely be used without further purification.  Pseud-Immune™ control immune serum (Cat no. GPA018E) from a mock immunized animal is available to be used in conjunction with this antibody as well as the immunizing peptide (Cat no. HSP007N), which can be used to neutralize immunoreactivity.

Manufacturing Reference:

Southwest Immunology, Inc., unpublished results.

Lot No: K069HA
Host: Goat
Clone: Polyclonal
Form: Whole Serum - liquid
Concentration: N/A
Supplied as: 1 ml vials or bulk quantities
Titer: Reported working dilution using neat serum:*
bulletELISA using immunizing peptide: > 1:20,000
bulletIHC using paraffin sections: > 1:300
bulletIHC using frozen sections: > 1:1,000
bulletWestern blots: N/D

*Various assay conditions require that the optimum working concentrations be determined by serial dilutions of this product.

Specificity: N-terminal amino acid sequence 31-47 of human Presenilin-2 Protein


options: None
0.01% Thimerosal
0.1% Sodium Azide
Storage: Short term: Refrigerate at 4˚ C
Long term: Freeze at -20˚ C


N/D = Not determined.

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